Let's recap some of the highlights from this lesson, most of which are grammar principles that we expect you to master.
|To Ask Where Someone Is From|
|min 'ayna 'anta? / min 'ayna 'anti?||من أين أنتَ؟ / من أين أنتِ؟|
|To Tell Someone Where You Are From|
|'ana min...||أنا من...|
|To Agree With or "Second" Something|
|'ana 'ayDan||أنا أيضا|
|To Express Ignorance|
|laa 'acrif||لا أعرف|
|you (male)||'anta أنتَ|
|you (female)||'anti أنتِ|
- The verb "to be" (i.e. "am," "is," "are") is not used in the present tense.
- Yes/no questions are marked with a special particle: hal هل.
- al-'iDaafa الإضافة is formed by placing two (or more) nouns back to back to show that they are related to one another. Words which end in ة (i.e. most feminie words) are pronounced with a final "t" sound when they are the first terms of al-'iDaafa الإضافة.
- All nouns have gender. Arabic uses the pronouns huwwa هو ("he") and hiyya هي ("she") to refer to masculine and feminine nouns respectively.
- Masculine words usually end in a consonant; feminine nouns almost always end in the symbol ة. Most nouns that refer to people (e.g. professor, doctor, dear one, etc.) can be made feminine by adding the symbol ة to the end of the masculine form.
- Adjectives must match the gender of the nouns they describe. Most adjectives can be made feminine by adding the symbol ة to the end of the masculine form.